|Possum Hollow Farms is a
Proud Distributor of
FLINT RIVER RANCH
|Think you might want to sell Flint River Ranch yourself? Click HERE.|
|This Website is not the official Website of Flint River Ranch Company. This site is owned and operated by FRR Independent Distributor GPC9. The pricing and policies, including discounts, shipping claims and return policies, are not necessarily those of Flint River Ranch Company and are only supported by the distributor who owns and operates this site. If you are already a customer of Flint River Ranch and this is not your original distributor, your distributor may not receive credit for an order placed on this site.|
|DOG FOOD IS DOG FOOD, RIGHT? WRONG!.........Some common misconceptions.|
|All dog foods are created equal. Not only is this incorrect across the vast span of dog foods out there on the market, but it is also untrue within categories of dog foods. Like cereals in a grocery store, by reading the labels you will find that many "healthy" foods are loaded with junk. The same concept applies to "premium" dog foods. Just like those grocery items, dog food ingredients are listed in order by weight. The top four or five ingredients make up 73% of the food content.|
|There are no real differences in the type of protein (meat) in dog food. On a label, there is a big difference between Meat and Meal. "Meat" refers to meat prior to cooking and therefore still packed full of water. For example, chicken meat is 70-75% water! It may be listed on the ingredients list as the number one ingredient...but that's before cooking (and all dog food is cooked). Once the water has been cooked out of it, the meat drops in weight and ceases to be the main ingredient. Meal is fresh meat with the water and fat removed. When meal is cooked it remains about the same weight and doesn't loose its place in the ingredients list. Meat Meal and Meat By-Products are names used for a mixture of mystery meats usually consisting of those parts of the animal unfit for human consumption like hooves, noses, intestines, etc.|
|Dogs need a balanced meal like humans. Humans are omnivores. We need a mixture of meats and vegetation. Dogs are carnivores. Their digestive tracts are designed to process meat. While they do need some vegetation to aid in digestion, the type and quality are very important. Fillers like brewer's rice and corn gluten (which are the shells of these grains) are primarily undigestible. Corn and soybeans are vegetative products used in many dog foods that are leading causes of allergies in dogs.|
Articles of Interest to Diet Conscious Dog Owners
|This article was published in the Ranch
Dog Trainer magazine, October/November 1997 issue.
YOUR DOG'S FOOD:
READ AND UNDERSTAND THE LABELS
By Lisa R. Davis, J.D.
Most of the information that you need to determine the quality of the food that you are feeding your dog can be found on the product package; however, even after reading the label it is not always easy to tell what you are getting. Reading and understanding the food manufacturers' list of ingredients is a vital necessity when selecting a dog food. The following basic information is provided to assist you in selecting a dog food by briefly explaining labeling and defining commonly used ingredients.
Labeling laws require manufacturers to list ingredients in descending order of weight before the food is cooked or processed. The ingredient weighing the most (prior to cooking) is listed first; the second heaviest ingredient is listed second, and so on. For example, if the first ingredient listed is corn, then there is more corn (by weight prior to cooking) in the food than anything else. However, interpreting an ingredient listing can be tricky when a particular ingredient contains mostly water which will evaporate during cooking or processing. Typically, the combination of the first 4 to 5 ingredients listed on the package will equal 75% of the food (by weight prior to cooking) and are an extremely accurate indicator of the quality of a particular food.
With an understanding of how to read an ingredients label, you can now begin to understand the actual meaning of some of the most common dog food ingredient listings, which are: Lamb/Chicken Meat; Lamb/Chicken Meal; By-Products; Digest; Grains, Vegetables, and Fillers. (Note: The topic of Vitamins and Minerals and the topic of Preservatives will be addressed in two future articles.)
MEAT AND MEAL
What is the difference between the ingredient listing Meat and the ingredient listing Meal? The principle component of chicken meat is water. By weight, a chicken is 70-75% water. So actually, when you see "chicken" or "lamb" on the top of an ingredient list, it means the water weight in the raw (wet) meat is what qualified it to be first. After the cooking process, where up to 75% of the chicken evaporates, the actual chicken content is reduced to being the 4th or 5th ingredient in your dog's food. So for every five pounds of raw (wet) meat used in some brands of dog food, as little as one pound may end up in the finished product. This occurs because 75% of a raw (wet) chicken is water, which evaporates during the cooking process.
On the other hand, meal is fresh meat, with the water and fat already removed. It takes 5 pounds of fresh chicken meat to make 1 pound of meal. So when you see chicken meal of lamb meal listed as the first ingredient on a dog food label, the chicken or lamb is really in the bag where it counts as a superior food source for your dog.
Be suspect of the generic Meat Meal ingredient listing, as the type of meat is unidentified. This mystery meat can contain cattle, swine, sheep and/or goats. Often times when this meat meal is used in dog food, it is because it has been labeled and sold to the dog food manufacturers as inexpensive 4-D meat. In the meat packing industry, 4-D means the animal was diseased, disabled, dying, or dead upon its arrival at slaughter. In other words, it is unfit for human consumption so it is sold to dog food manufacturers and used in lower quality dog foods.
What are "by-products?" By-products are, as the name suggests, the left overs from human food production. having been condemned as unfit for human consumption, these non-rendered parts are very inexpensive. The two most common by-products use din dog food are: Chicken or poultry By-Products which are defined as a mix of chicken or poultry parts such as heads, necks, and guts that can contain bones, feathers, beaks, and feet; and Meat By-Products, which are defined as non-rendered parts OTHER THAN MEAT, derived from slaughtered animals such as lungs, spleen, kidneys and other guts.
What is poultry/chicken digest? Again as the name suggests, digest is a type of by-product. It is produced by the process of subjecting poultry or chicken parts containing animals digest to prolonged heat and moisture, or to chemical enzymes with a resultant change or decomposition of the physical or chemical nature of the parts. Basically, you starts with no nutritional value and further devalue that.
GRAINS, VEGETABLES, AND FILLERS
Dogs are carnivores (meat eaters) and have digestive systems designed to process MEAT proteins. They have mouths with sharp teeth designed for tearing meat and short digestive tracts ideal for digesting meat. Some grains and vegetables require flat teeth for chewing and long digestive tracts for digesting. Although grains and vegetables like corn and soy are much more difficult for carnivores to digest, they are commonly used in dog food. These ingredients are much less expensive for the food manufacturer to purchase.
A more expensive ingredient combination such as rice and wheat is easier to digest than corn or soy, thus giving your dog a more nutritious and more easily digested food. A rice and wheat combination is one of the most nutritionally balanced grain combinations and provides better nutrition than ordinary single grain foods. Be aware of the ingredient listing Brewers Rice, rather than simply Rice. When use din commercial dog food s, Brewers Rice is the dried, extracted residue of rice resulting from the manufacture of wort or beer. Likewise, when use din commercial dog foods, Corn Gluten is the dried residue of corn resulting from the manufacture of corn starch or syrup. These forms of Brewers Rice and Corn Gluten are unfit for human consumption and are purchased by dog food manufacturers as inexpensive fillers.
Your carnivore requires a diet consisting primarily of meat protein and grains to build and repair tissues and to maintain short and long term good health. Many commercial foods for carnivores contain very little if any MEAT protein and can contain fillers such as peanut hulls, rice hulls, brewers rice and corn gluten. Commonly found in dog foods in varying amounts are soybeans and corn, which are incidentally the number 1 and number 2 allergens of dogs.
Check the first 4 to 5 ingredients on your dog's food label, and determine whether or not your dog's diet is digestible meat proteins, or if it contains primarily non-digestible grains, vegetables and by-products. Being armed with valid information will enable dog owners to look past fancy packaging and advertising and get to the real issue, i.e., what is the nutritional value of the food actually inside the bag. If you do not understand information contained on the food label, call the manufacturer and consult your veterinarian. ASK QUESTIONS!
DIET AND HIP DYSPLASIA
Does your dog have a susceptibility to hip dysplasia? Are you worried that your large breed dog will have hip dysplasia even though his/her sire and dam are not affected? You can do something to help alleviate some of those worries. Your dog's diet, especially as a puppy, can make a big difference in the chance of them having hip problems later in life. Below is a list of informative quotes from the ABCA about Hip Dysplasia and its relationship to diet and exercise. Please read them and then check your own dog food brand and exercise program.
American Border Collie Association, Inc. (Fall 2000 Newsletter)
"When a badly formed joint starts to degenerate after a period of time ranging from a few months to many years, the dog has the disease called Canine Hip Dysplasia [CHD]…. Is CHD inherited or environmental? In a word, "Yes." There is an inherited component because the shape of the hip joint, the quality of the cartilage, the potential muscle mass, and connecting ligament is as much a product of the dog's genes as is the shape of its skull. There is also an environmental component in which CHD can be aggravated or suppressed…. There is not one "hip gene." The complex hip joint is determined by many genes (polygenic), half from the dam and half from the sire…. However, the many genes involved combine in random ways and two dogs with good hip formation can produce a puppy with terrible hips…. The ABCA encourages breeders to examine the hip scores in as many relations in the breeding pair's family as possible and it encourages puppy buyers to ask about this information…. Does this let the buyer off the hook? Not Really…. As some buyers of puppies from working backgrounds seem to expect a guarantee that the dog will have no genetic problems, it is certainly something to be discussed before the puppy departs for its new home. Now the puppy is home with the new owner where the environmental part of hip development continues. Studies have shown that puppies which are grown slowly and kept from rough physical activity have improved chances of normal hip development in borderline cases. This is because puppies which are kept lean and given good quality, lower protein adult dog food experience a more appropriate growth rate of their bones, ligaments and cartilage. The types of activities puppies engage in also contribute to its hip development. During the first year or two it is recommended that rough play, excessive jumping, quick stops and turns, exercise on hard surfaces, and romping with bigger dogs be limited, as wear and tear like this may cause injury and remodeling of hip joints."
"The only available predictive OFA figures are those they have extracted from some unspecified dog breeds in their data base. As soon as they can be obtained, data for Border collies alone will be subjected to similar analysis."
[The following chart is based on information in the same ABCA article. Notice that even if you bred a dog to one that was diagnosed as dysplastic, your pup will still only have a 25% chance of developing the disease. There is only a 12.5% difference between the first set of parents and the last set. This has led many breeders to believe that the development of CHD, while genetically linked like everything else, may be more often a case of over-nutrition and inappropriate activity in pups.]
|If one parent has...||And the other parent has...||Then your pup has this chance of developing CHD:||And your pup has this chance of NOT developing CHD:|
|OFA Good/Excellent||OFA Good/Excellent||12.5%||87.5%|
|OFA Good/Excellent||OFA Fair||15%||85%|
|OFA Good/Excellent||OFA Dysplastic||25%||75%|
|Dog foods with high protein content (over 24% crude protein) are more likely to promote CHD than those which have lower protein contents. While pups certainly need protein, they are at risk if their food contains percentages that are too high. FLINT RIVER RANCH Adult/Puppy formula is balanced with the protein content well in mind so that your pup can eat all it needs and still minimize its chances of too rapid growth and subsequent CHD. We urge you to compare your puppy food protein content to that of FRR.|
|ABOUT FLINT RIVER RANCH DOG FOOD|
|ALL NATURAL, MADE OF HIGHEST QUALITY INGREDIENTS!
Flint River Ranch (FRR) is made of all natural
ingredients that have been determined to be highly digestible and of the
greatest nutritive value. For example, the most popular FRR
Puppy/Adult Formula lists it top four ingredients as Chicken Meal, Whole
Wheat Flour, Ground Rice and Lamb Meat. It is also supplemented
with twenty-four vitamins and minerals as well as perfectly balanced
calcium contents to ensure strong bones. It contains no harmful
preservatives like Ethoxyquin, BHA, BHT or by-products, cheap fillers,
artificial colors or artificial flavors. The content of FRR is so
digestible that your dog's system will make use of the food it eats and
you actually end up feeding about 25% less!
All Flint River Foods are formulated to not just meet but to exceed the AAFCO nutrient profiles. FRR uses only the highest quality ingredients. The rice is a combination of white (for digestibility) and brown rice (for nutritional value). The wheat is whole wheat including flour, course-ground and wheat berry. Corn is not easily digestible for dogs so it is not used in FRR dog foods; however, corn is included in the cat foods since the feline digestive systems digest corn more easily and corn provides important diet benefits. All of the FRR grains are purchased from major commercial suppliers like General Mills -- fully tested and retested when received. FRR uses only human quality chicken that is hormone free, range fed lamb (no hormones, etc.), and menhaden fish which is optimal for providing many proteins and essential fatty acids. FRR minerals are chelated which means they are easier to absorb into the system.
Example of VITAMIN/MINERAL assay for Puppy/Adult Kibble:
|DELIVERED TO YOUR DOOR! No matter where you live in the USA, FRR is shipped directly to your home via UPS. Strategically located distribution points ensure that your order will take only 5 working days to reach you. You can even set up an AUTO-SHIP account in which you determine how much and how often your orders are shipped.|
|100% SATISFACTION GUARANTEED! If any FRR product fails to meet your expectations for any reason, it can be returned within 30 days of invoice date by prepaid shipping for replacement, refund or credit.|
and Adult Kibble -- Designed to provide
optimum nutrition for your active dogs and growing pups. FRR
Puppy/Adult formula helps to prevent health problems and keeps your dogs
looking good with shiny coats, strong bones and tendons, well developed
cartilage and clear digestive systems. It supports optimum growth
in pups, not too fast and not too slow. It maintains strong
systems in adult dogs and breeding females. At 23% crude
protein, FRR is one of few dog foods that will not grow your puppy too
fast creating potentially weak joints.
INGREDIENTS: Chicken Meal, Whole Wheat Flour, Ground Rice, Lamb Meal, Poultry Fat (Preserved with Tocopherols and Ascorbic Acid), Ground Whole Wheat, Flax Seed, Dried Whole Egg, Lecithin, Fish Meal, Brewers Dried Yeast, Wheat Germ Meal, Dried Kelp, Dehydrated Alfalfa Meal, Salt, Potassium Chloride, Monosodium Phosphate, Choline Chloride, Ferrous Sulfate, DL-Alpha Tocopherol Acetate (Source of Vitamin E), Zinc Oxide, Sodium Selenite, Manganous Oxide, Riboflavin Supplement (Vitamin B2), Copper Sulphate, Amino Acid Chelates of Zinc, Iron, Manganese, Copper and Cobalt, Niacin, Ascorbic Acid (Source of Vitamin C), Vitamin B12 Supplement, Vitamin A Supplement, Calcium Pantothenate, D-Biotin Supplement, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride (Source of Vitamin B6), Calcium Iodate, Thiamine Mononitrate, Folic Acid, Vitamin D3 Supplement.
|Senior Kibble-- Lower fat and
calories as well as fewer potential allergens for senior and less active
dogs. FRR is twice oven-baked under carefully controlled
conditions resulting in better nutritional value and greater
Senior Plus Kibble -- The same easily digestible ingredients as the regular Senior Kibble with added glucosamine and condroitin sulfate for old bones and joints.
INGREDIENTS: Whole Wheat Flour, Ground Rice, Chicken Meal, Ground Whole Wheat, Oatmeal, Poultry Fat (Preserved with Tocopherols and Ascorbic Acid), Oat Bran, Lamb Meal, Dried Whole Egg, Fish Meal, Brewers Dried Yeast, Wheat Germ Meal, Lecithin, Dried Kelp, Dehydrated Alfalfa Meal, Salt, Potassium Chloride, Monosodium Phosphate, Choline Chloride, Ferrous Sulfate, DL-Alpha Tocopherol Acetate (Source of Vitamin E), Zinc Oxide, Sodium Selenite, Manganous Oxide, Riboflavin Supplement (Vitamin B2), Copper Sulfate, Amino Acid Chelates of Zinc, Iron, Magnanese, Copper and Cobalt, Niacin, Ascorbic Acid (Source of Vitamin C), Vitamin B 1, Supplement, Vitamin A Supplement, Calcium Pantothenate, D-Biotin Supplement, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride (Vitamin B6), Calcium Iodate, Thiamine Mononitrate, Folic Acid, Vitamin D3 Supplement.
|Lamb/Millet/Rice For Sensitive Dogs -- Specially
formulated for dogs with allergies to wheat, corn, glutens and/or
chicken. Using premium Lamb, Menhaden Fish, Whole Ground Grains,
Grapeseed Oil, Flaxseed, Rosemary, Chelated Minerals, and Natural
Tocopherols along with probiotics and digestive enzymes provides the
finest diet for food-sensitive dogs.
INGREDIENTS: Lamb Meal, Ground Whole Millet, Ground Whole Rice, Rice Bran, Menhaden Fish Meal, Grapeseed Oil, Flaxseed Meal, Lecithin, Garlic, Rosemary and Sage Extract, Choline Chloride, Zinc Sulfate, dl-Alpha Tocopherol Acetate, Zinc Amino Acid Complex, Selenium Supplement, Mixed Natural Tocopherols (antioxidant), Niacin, Iron Amino Acid Complex, Vitamin B12 Supplement, Calcium Pantothenate, Vitamin A Acetate, Ascorbic Acid, Iron Sulfate, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Manganese Amino Acid Complex, Thiamine Mononitrate, Manganous Oxide, Copper Amino Acid Complex, Copper Sulfate, Riboflavin Supplement, Folic Acid Supplement, Ethylenediamine Dihydriodide, D-Biotin Supplement, Vitamin D3, Bromelain, Papain, Dried Bacillus Subtilis Fermentation Product, Dried Aspergillus Oryzae Fermentation Product.
Chips Nuggets -- Made
especially for sensitive dogs as an alternative to lamb and rice
foods. Flint River uses only farm-fresh Rainbow Trout that is
organically raised with no hormones or feed additives. This food
provides a wonderful gourmet dining experience for your dog.
INGREDIENTS: Trout, Potato, Course Ground Millet, Herring Meal, Oatmeal, Sweet Potatoes, Canola Oil, (Preserved with Mixed Tocopherols), Flax Seed, Oat Bran, Natural Flavors, Blueberries, Cranberries, Rosemary, Grape Seed Oil, Menhaden Fish Meal, Granola, Ground Oats, Alfalfa Meal, Brewer's Dried Yeast, Dried Eggs, Lecithin, Yucca Schidigem Extract, Choline Chloride, Zinc Sulphate, dl-Alpha Tocopherol Acetate, Zinc Amino Acid Complex, Selenium Supplement, Mixed Natural Tocopherol (Antioxidant), Niacin, Iron, Amino Acid complex, Vitamin B-12 Supplement, Calcium Pantothenate, Vitamin A Acetate, Ascorbic Acid, Iron Sulfate, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Manganese Amino Acid Complex, Thiamine Mononitrate, Manganous Oxide, Copper Amino Acid Complex, Copper Sulfate, Riboflavin, Vitamin D-3, Dried Bacillus Subtillus Fermentation Product, Dried Aspergillus Oryzae Fermentation Product.
|Nuggets -- Made of the same balanced formula as
the Puppy/Adult Dog Food, this formula is about 1/4 x 5/8"
rectangular in shape and designed for larger dogs who need
"crunch!" Great for maintaining healthy teeth and
-- Finally, a dog biscuit that's
actually GOOD for your dog! These tasty biscuits include
chondroitin sulfate and glucosamine for building and maintaining healthy
joints. We give one a day to our growing puppies, breeding females
and working dogs.
INGREDIENTS: Ground Whole Wheat, Bovine Cartilage, Lamb Meal, Ground Rice, Rice Flour, Chicken Fat (Preserved with Mixed Tocopherols and Ascorbic Acid) Oat Meal, Whole Wheat Flour, Dried Whole Egg, Lecithin, Salt, Fish Meal, Dried Whey, Wheat Germ Meal, Dehydrated Alfalfa Meal, Flaxseed, Potassium Chloride, Monosodium Phosphate, Choleric Chloride, Ferrous Sulfate, DL-Alpha Tocopherols Acetate (Source of Vitamin E), Zinc Oxide, Sodium Selenite, Manganous Oxide, Riboflavin Supplement (Vitamin B2), Copper Sulfate, Amino Acid Chelates of Zinc, Iron, Manganese, Copper and Cobalt, Niacin, Ascorbic Acid (Source of Vitamin C), Vitamin B12 Supplement, Vitamin A Supplement, Calcium Pantothenate, D-Biotin Supplement, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride (Vitamin B6), Calcium Iodate, Thiamine Mononitrate, Folic Acid, Vitamin D3 Supplement.
|Cat and Kitten Food -- A chicken and lamb meal
formula perfectly balanced for your feline providing the essential
taurine amino acid (needed for eyes, heart, nervous and reproductive
systems) at much higher levels than in most cat foods. FRR Cat and
Kitten Food has low ash and magnesium content (less than 4%) which is
important in the prevention of Feline Urological Syndrome.
INGREDIENTS: Chicken Meal, Ground Yellow Corn, Lamb Meal, Corn Gluten Meal, Poultry Fat (Preserved with Mixed Tocopherols and Ascorbic Acid), Ground Whole Wheat, Dried Brewers Yeast, Fish Meal, Corn Germ Meal, Salt, Dried Beet Pulp, Dehydrated Cheese, Lecithin, D-Activated Animal Sterol (Source of Vitamin D-3), Vitamin A Acetate, Vitamin B 12 Supplement, Vitamin E Supplement, Niacin Supplement, Riboflavin, Calcium Pantothenate, Choline Chloride, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Folic Acid, Biotin, Thiamine Mononitrate, Inositol, DL-Methionine, Manganese, Dehydrated Kelp, Zinc Sulphate, Copper Sulphate, Cobalt Sulphate, Ferrous Sulphate, Taurine, Calcium Iodate, Sodium Selenite, Dried Whey.
Cat Lite -- Specially balanced for the older
or less active cat. Beet pulp is used as the best source of fiber
as it actually conditions the linings of the intestines in preparation
for digestion. Only highest quality chicken meal and other meat
sources are used to decrease possibilities of allergies, dry skin,
dental disease and organ dysfunction.
First Four Ingredients: Chicken Meal, Ground Yellow Corn, Corn Gluten Meal, Ground Whole Wheat.
INGREDIENTS: Chicken Meal, Ground Yellow Corn, Lamb Meal, Corn Gluten Meal, Poultry Fat (Preserved with Mixed Tocopherols and Ascorbic Acid), Ground Whole Wheat, Dried Brewers Yeast, Fish Meal, Dried Beet Pulp, Corn Germ Meal, Salt, Dehydrated Cheese, Lecithin, D-Activated Animal Sterol (Source of Vitamin D3), Vitamin A Acetate, Vitamin B 12 Supplement, Vitamin E Supplement, Niacin Supplement, Riboflavin, Calcium Pantothenate, Choline Chloride, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Folic Acid, Biotin, Thiamine Mononitrate, Inositol, DL-Methionine, Manganese, Dehydrated Kelp, Polysaccharide Complexes of Zinc, Copper, Manganese, Iron, and Cobalt, Taurine, Calcium Iodate, Sodium Selenite, Dried Whey.
|Cat and Kitten
Hairball -- An enormously successful formula to help manage
those annoying hairballs. Made with all natural ingredients
specially designed to provide relief from constant hairball troubles.
INGREDIENTS: Chicken Meal, Brown Rice, Whole Ground Corn, Oat Bran, Chicken Fat (Preserved with Mixed Tocopherols and Ascorbic Acid), Corn Gluten Meal, Tomato Pomace, Lamb Meal, Pea Fiber, Herring Meal, Dried Brewers Yeast, Salt, Phosphoric Acid, Lecithin, Dried Whey, Yuccas Schidigera Extract, Vitamin A Acetate, Vitamin D-3 Supplement, Vitamin E Supplement, Vitamin B-12, Riboflavin Supplement, Niacin Supplement, Choline Chloride, Calcium Pantothenate, Folic Acid, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Thiamine Mononitrate, Biotin, DL- Methionine, Inositol, Dehydrated Kelp, and Polysaccharide Complexes of Zinc, Manganese, Iron, Copper and Cobalt, Calcium Iodate, Taurine, Sodium Selenite.
This Web site is not the official Web site of the Flint River Ranch Company. This site is owned and operated by Flint River Senior Independent Distributor # GPC9. Any pricing, policies, including discounts, claims and return policies, may not necessarily be those of the Flint River Ranch Company and are only supported by the distributor who owns and operates this site. If you are already a customer of Flint River Ranch and this is not your original Distributor or their website, your distributor may not receive credit for an order placed on this site.